Black Bream (Acanthopagrus butcheri) occurs in estuaries and nearshore coastal waters across southern Australia from the Murchison River in Western Australia, to Myall Lake in New South Wales, including Tasmania. It is a medium bodied, slow-growing species that can grow to 600 mm TL and live to 32 years of age. In South Australia, Black Bream mature at 289–340 mm TL.
Unlike most Sparids, the Black Bream is an estuarine-dependent species, completing much of its life-cycle within a single estuary. Tagging studies in estuaries in South Australia, Western Australia and Victoria found limited or no evidence of migration among estuaries. Spawning is usually confined to estuaries and occurs from August to December each year.